Urologists: What Do They Do?

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A urologist is a medical doctor focusing on conditions that affect the urinary tract in men, women and children, and diseases that affect the reproductive system. These conditions range between peeing too much or too little to being unable to father a kid.

What is a urologist?

A urologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the urinary tract. This technique keeps the body clean by filtering out wastes and toxins and taking them from the body. The urinary tract includes:

  • Bladder
  • Kidneys
  • Ureters
  • Urethra

A urologist also treats conditions relating to the reproductive organs and the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands can be found in addition to the kidneys. The reproductive systems of males and feguys are linked closely to their urinary systems. You could hear someone use the word “genitourinary.” This identifies symptoms, conditions or treatments that affect both systems. For detailed information you can visit paulmanoharurology.com.au

What conditions do urologists treat?

Urologists treat common conditions and rarer illnesses that affect everyone plus some that affect only men or only women. Some of these conditions include:

  • Frequent urinary tract infections.
  • Inability to control urination (bladder control problems).
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria).
  • Conditions of the male reproductive system, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, or enlarged prostate).
  • Interstitial cystitis (painful bladder).

Urologists also treat other conditions, such as:

  • Cancers of the bladder, kidneys and prostate.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED).
  • Kidney stones.
  • Pelvic organ prolapse.
  • Congenital urinary tract issues (problems with the urinary system that you are born with).

Reasons you might see a urologist

You may make an appointment or get a referral to a urologist if you have:

  • Trouble urinating (peeing), including starting out or creating a strong flow of urine, pain, cloudy urine or blood in the urine.
  • Changes in urination, like frequent urination or feeling like you will have to go.
  • Trouble getting or keeping an erection.
  • A feeling that something is falling into your vagina or heaviness in the area.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Urinating when you don’t want to, like during the night or when you sneeze, laugh or exercise.

What does a urologist do?

A urologist can diagnose and treat many types of issues. Some urologists might practice without doing surgery, but all urologists are trained as surgeons.

There are subspecialties in urology, including:

  • Pediatric urology.
  • Urologic oncology.
  • Kidney transplantation.
  • Sexual medicine.
  • Male infertility.
  • Genitourinary reconstruction.
  • Minimally invasive surgery (robotic, laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery).

What you can expect during your visit to a urologist?

When you make an appointment with a urologist, or whenever your primary care provider refers you to definitely a urologist, anticipate to discuss why you’re there. It could help that you can bring a set of questions or symptoms related to why you made the appointment. You should also be prepared to answer questions about your medical history and any medications you might be taking.

Your urologist is likely to order tests to diagnose your condition and also to determine the best way to address it.

Some of these tests can include:

  • Physical examination. These will be different for males and femen. If you’re a guy, your physician may do a rectal exam. If you’re a female, you may need to have a pelvic exam.
  • Urinalysis, blood tests and semen samples. For these tests, you provide samples of your urine, bloodstream and semen. (You might like to be sure you drink some water prior to going to your appointment since you might be asked for a urine sample there.)

Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scans.


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